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Kawasaki KZ1100D

The Kawasaki KZ1100D is a motorcycle produced by Kawasaki from 1982 to 1983. It could reach a top speed of 142 mph / 228 km/h.

Kawasaki Z1100D Spectre
Also called Spectre
Production 1982 - 83
Class Cruiser
1089 cc, Four stroke, transverse four cylinder, DOHC, 2 valve per cylinder.
Compression ratio 8.9:1
Top Speed 142 mph / 228 km/h
Ignition CDI
Spark Plug NGK B8ES '82-83
Battery YUASA YB18L-A '82-83
Transmission 5 Speed
Final Drive Shaft `82-83[1]
Frame Tubular mild steel, double front downtubes
Suspension Front: 38mm Air assisted telescopic forks, 152mm wheel travel.
Rear: Single air shock 4-way adjustable rebound damping, 102mm wheel travel
Brakes Front: 2x 270mm discs 1 calipers
Rear: Single 270mm disc 1 caliper
Front Tire 3.25H19
Rear Tire 130/90-16
Seat Height 760 mm / 30.0 In
Oil Filter K&N KN-401[2]
Recommended Oil K-tech 10W-40
Fuel Capacity 21.4 Liters / 5.6 US gal
Manuals Service Manual



The engine was a Air cooled cooled Four stroke, transverse four cylinder, DOHC, 2 valve per cylinder.. The engine featured a 8.9:1 compression ratio.


Power was moderated via the Wet, multi-plate.


It came with a 3.25H19 front tire and a 130/90-16 rear tire. Stopping was achieved via 2x 270mm discs 1 calipers in the front and a Single 270mm disc 1 caliper in the rear. The front suspension was a 38mm Air assisted telescopic forks, 152mm wheel travel. while the rear was equipped with a Single air shock 4-way adjustable rebound damping, 102mm wheel travel. The Z1100D Spectre was fitted with a 21.4 Liters / 5.6 US gal fuel tank.


1982 Kawasaki KZ1100-D1 Spectre

  • Color
    • Fuel Tank: Two Tone Ebony
    • Front Fender: Two Tone Ebony
  • Engine No: KZT10AE006701 -
  • Frame No: JKAKZBD1()CA000001 -
  • Parts Catalogue No: 99961-0109 (Micro)
  • Service Manual No: Same as KZ1100-A2
  • Owner's Manual No: 99920-1141-01
  • Remarks: Upgraded the Z(KZ)1000-K. Dust boot equipment front fork, black chrome plated mufflers.


1983 Kawasaki KZ1100-D2 Spectre

  • Color
    • Fuel Tank: Ebony/Sonic Gold
    • Front Fender: Ebony/Sonic Gold
  • Engine No: KZT10AE015801 -
  • Frame No: KZT10D-004601 -
  • (C)(U) JKAKZBD1()DAD04601 -
  • Parts Catalog No: 99910-1278-01, (C)(U) 99961-0109 (Micro)
  • Service Manual No: Same as Z(KZ)1100-A2
  • Owner's Manual No: 99922-1205-01, (C)(U) 99920-1177-01
  • Changes: Color and graphic


Don't think of it as the After Midnight Special. The Spectre is a pure cheaterbike all on its own.

BY LARRY WORKS You're familiar with the scenario, no doubt. Even if you haven't lived it, you've probably wanted to. You pull up to a stop—any stop will do and dismount. Then gradually, but with increasing frequency, passersby stop to ask you about your bike. Eventually a crowd forms. Fans, no less. What they've gathered to ogle is the obvious handiwork that went into transforming some big-numbers production machine into what stopped them in their tracks-something altogether different. Something that looks like only a craftsman with a clear vision of the finished product could build it. Not simply a motorcycle but a statement, shaped of hard materials and a flexible imagination. If you can't picture it happening, you're out of luck, because that's what riding Kawasaki's new KZ1100 Spectre is like, for better or for worse. Worse, because if you're the retiring type, the kind who shies away from accepting credit for someone else's work, you'll just have to live with it. Because from its gold-painted engine cases to its wrinkle-finished black instrument pods, the Spectre generates the impression that its rider had more of a hand in its creation than simply signing a check. To view the Spectre from the proper perspective, you need first vent all the After Midnight Special humor. Granted, there are similarities between the Spectre and a Midnight Special. At the core of both Kawasaki's limited-edition Spectre and Yamaha's extremely limited (now so limited as to be discontinued) Midnight Special is the application of a black-and-gold graphics scheme to a big-bore street cruiser. And true enough, the Spectre, Kawasaki's first such venture with LTD-type hardware, is, like the Midnight bike, shaft-driven. But there the comparison stops. Because while the Spectre might have been tracking in the same general direction as Yamaha's entry, it wasn't following in its treadmarks. Yamaha's black-and-gold cruiser had a glossy, production look, while the Spectre casts an altogether different shadow. Subtle differences, to be sure, but still noticeable, even by the in-the-street uninitiate. The Spectre is not so much factory-chopper as factory-custom, with the emphasis clearly off of factory. You could probably take the "factory" out of the Spectre's description completely, if you were so inclinedi The basis for the exercise would be a bog-standard KZ1100A, Kawasaki's touring-oriented shaftie. Leave the double-front downtube frame and the DOHC engine intact. Even the A's cams, 8.9:1 compression ratio, valves and gear ratios make the transition from super-tourer to blockbuster, because the change is almost exclusively for the eye of the beholder. But toss away the A's humpback 5.6-gallon fuel tank in favor of a tear-shaped 3.8-gallon unit more in keeping with the esthetics of the boulevard. And deep-six the A's Mark One handlebar for one with a bit more street savvy. Then, while you assault/bob the fenders and exhaust pipes, send the seat out to be lowered and to have its front section "dished." After that, cut the rear wheel travel by about half an inch to guarantee a low seat height, stiffen up on the springing and damping at both ends and reduce the steering head angle by one degree. Finally, for sheer brazen vanity, replace the A's 3.50x19 front tire with a 3.25x19 to make the front end look slimmer. Only then could you get out your paint. You'd need lots of gold because the Spectre is a veritable orgy of the stuff. It shows up on the cast wheels, the bodies of the Kayaba air shocks, the engine cases, the rocker covers, the fork sliders and in some tasteful mock pinstriping on the Spectre's sheetmetal/plastic. And you'd need black, an armload of black, because chrome was apparently anathema to the Spectre's design staff. Just about the only places you'll find shiny silver on the Spectre are the disc rotors, the polished rims of the wheels and on a few isolated nuts and bolts. Not only are the exhaust pipes black-chromed, the handlebar is black, the four 34mm constant-vacuum Mikunis are black, the turn-signals and padded grabrail are black and most of the Spectre bodywork is black as well. Fork boots (remember fork boots on street bikes?) were even added to keep the air-spring fork assembly a combination of black-and-gold—but without running the Spectre's as-yet-unannounced pricetag out of sight. To top off your home-brewed Spectre, you'd need burgundy, to accent the black with contrasting panels on the fenders, tank and sidecovers. And what you'd have at the end of all that reworking, reshaping and repigmenting would be either (depending on your own skills) a rough one-off of a Spectre or a customizer's nightmare. Or, Kawasaki could simply do the work in the first place. Either way, the world at large is likely to conclude that you did it all yourself. What you'd get in the case of the factory-built genuine Spectre, though, is an ergonomics layout designed for the task: cruising—but cruising without the traditional sit-up-and-beg riding position. You can affect an arms-locked, bolt-upright posture if some reason of orthopedic necessity or appearance demands it, but the Spectre itself poses no such requirements. The footpegs, which mount in the same position as on the A-model, don't seem nearly so far forward on the D-mqdel Spectre. The Spectre's shorter tank allows the rider to be positioned relatively farther forward, making the footpeg placement seem natural. And the Spectre's handlebar, with more rise and more pullback than the A's bar, reduces the amount of bend required at the rider's waist to reach both foot and hand controls. The result is a comfortable forward cant; not a roadracy crouch, but also not the broomstick-up-the-spine approach demanded by others of the boulevard genre. A Spectre rider also need not suffer the indignities of shatterhand, since the D-model's handlebar is none too radical, positioning the handgrips—and Kawasaki's new finger-contoured levers—in a natural location that doesn't require full-arm contortions to work the throttle. When the throttle is exercised, however, much of the flattering fakery about the Spectre falls by the wayside. The basso exhaust note pumping out of the shorty pipes will dispell any notions about who built the powerplant. The sound is pure Z-l Modern, regardless of what the surrounding decor hints at. And fortunately, Z-l Modern includes Kawasaki's air suction system, which allows carb settings not cripplingly EPA-lean, so the Spectre warms to the task and is ready to roll in short time. Short time is also what you have after the throttle moves and before the engine reacts. The Spectre, despite any horsepower losses inflicted by the shaft final drive, is still a mover—but a three-way rubber engine mount system assures that it isn't a shaker. The shaft final drive does provide a bit of rise and squat with engine acceleration/deceleration, but only enough to note, not to object to. Shaft-drive losses or additions notwithstanding, our Spectre test bike produced an 11.99-second quarter-mile—more than sufficient for any level of around-town blockbusting. So what you get with a big fist of Spectre throttle is not simply hard acceleration, but to be gone.

Despite the obvious pavement-ripping qualities endemic to the mating of a monster motor and a 130/90x16 Dunlop Qualifier rear tire, the Spectre proves its street worth when the engine isn't revving hard. Then, firmly in Main Street mode, you learn to appreciate not only how 1090cc can ma|ie the scenery stretch breathtakingly away when you yank on the go-stick, but how easily it can make the world slide by when a gentler hand is applied. And the Spectre makes it embarrassingly easy to cruise. The engine pulls strongly from 1500 rpm on up, so five easy clicks of the slick gearbox can leave you anywhere from urban trawling speed all the way up to abject foolishness, depending on how hard you twist the throttle. Even sustained riding in high gear at sub-2000-rpm engine speeds won't coax a stumble from the Mikunis, so all you're left with is minding the impet-uousness of your right hand and unobtrusively checking out the reflection in store-front windows. That, and honing your y routine for when you're asked how you ever got the idea for gold engine cases. Besides having its cruise-speed act down pat, the Spectre also is armed for the free-fire zone that on-street parking has become. In addition to the usual fork lock at the ignition switch, the Spectre thwarts unauthorized rapid changes in possession with Kawasaki's exclusive centerstand lock, also conveniently operated by the ignition key. With the centerstand locked in the down position, rollaway thefts are out of the question, and the Spectre's own 553-pound avoirdupois actively discourages carryoffs. If you require still more in the line of anti-theft insurance, Kawasaki offers an additional rider policy in the form of an optional cable lock, which nestles out of the way in a left-side frame member when not in use. So, prowling urban streets or passing time in parking lots the Spectre does handily, but they aren't necessarily what it does best, especially when you consider that beneath the custom livery lies most of the running gear of the 1100A tourer. All of which means that the Spectre is one street cruiser that won't fall on its knees when you reach the city limits. Much of the reason the Spectre doesn't give up the ghost at the prospect of out-of-town riding lies in its suspension adjustability. Like the KZ1100A, the Spectre relies on air-assisted suspension, front and rear, to take the sting out of road jolts. A leading-axle air-spring fork with 38mm stanchion-tube diameter and a balance tube handles the front-end tasks, while nitrogen-filled Kayaba air shocks cushion the rear. The shocks are adjustable to four damping settings, and the air pressure can be changed for both shocks at the equalizer line under the seat. With the suspension bits adjusted to touring-soft, the Spectre does a fair approximation of a full-time luxotourer. Sliding friction at the bearing surfaces in the fork allows some of the jolt of sharp-edged expansion joints to work back to the rider, but it usually reads out as a minor jar, not a relief map of the road surface. And the Spectre's rear end, assisted in part by the flexing of the multi-grade foam in the well-shaped saddle, offers up a comfortable ride. What little vibration there is at highway speeds and faster is a slight tingle through the handlebar, but it isn't even enough to blur the images in the Spectre's tinted mirrors. The handling is twitch-free and suited to low-effort riding for long distances. The only sour note in the Spectre's highway performance comes from its abbreviated exhausts, which churn out a substantial rumble that tires the rider long before the rest of the bike will. All in all, the Spectre offers a fairly convincing argument that street cruising can be state-to-state as well as stoplight-to-stoplight. That same argument can be applied to more spirited riding as well. Heavy inputs aren't required to get the Spectre heeled over to respectable lean angles. And good braking afforded by the triple discs, as welr^P as the engine's ability to pull the Spectre out of turns at high exit speeds, makes^a eight-tenths riding part of the bike's pro-^" gram. Flat-out backroads hauling will point out the Spectre's street-cruiser predilections—and weight—as a slow . wobble in hard cornering, but to label the bike as somehow flawed for any sport riding is to miss the point entirely. All that high-speed roadwork proves is that there are other more-specialized machines more adept at—and more adapted to—straightening curves. And the prospective Spectre buyer knows that there are other, faster bikes out there for pure sport riding—at least he should. But what he should also know from the outset that the Spectre forces a decision: You either have to affect a shucks-gosh-darn attitude about accepting misdirected praise for all the well-thought-out custom licks you applied to make your bike ... or you might as well keep on riding. •



Make Model Kawasaki KZ1100D Spectre
Year 1982 - 83
Engine Type Four stroke, transverse four cylinder, DOHC, 2 valve per cylinder.
Displacement 1089 cc / 66.4 cu-in
Bore X Stroke 72.5 x 66mm
Cooling System Air cooled
Compression 8.9:1
Induction 4x 34mm Mikuni constant-vacuum
Ignition CDI
Starting Electric
Max Power 108 hp @ 8500rpm
Max Torque 9.8 kgf-m @ 7000 rpm
Clutch Wet, multi-plate
Transmission 5 Speed
Final Drive Shaft
Gear Ratio I 2.643 11.239 6.6 II 1.833 7.795 9.5 III 1.429 6.077 122 IV 1.174 4.992 14.8 V 1.040 4.423 16.7
Frame Tubular mild steel, double front downtubes
Front Suspension 38mm Air assisted telescopic forks, 152mm wheel travel.
Rear Suspension Single air shock 4-way adjustable rebound damping, 102mm wheel travel
Front Brakes 2x 270mm discs 1 calipers
Rear Brakes Single 270mm disc 1 caliper
Front Tire 3.25H19
Rear Tire 130/90-16
Seat Height 760 mm / 30.0 In
Weight 251 kg / 553lbs
Fuel Capacity 21.4 Liters / 5.6 US gal
Consumption Average 37 mpg
Standing ¼ Mile 11.960 sec., 110.42 mph /178 km/h
Top Speed 142 mph / 228 km/h


  1. 2019 Western Power Sports Catalog. Western Power Sports. 2019. 
  2. 2019 K&L Supply Co Catalog. K&L Supply Co. 2019.