Honda XL185: history, specs, pictures
|Production||1979 - 1983|
single cylinder, four-stroke
|Bore / Stroke||63.0mm x 57.8mm|
|Top Speed||71 mph (115 km/h)|
|Horsepower||15.69 HP (11.7 KW) @ 8000RPM|
|Spark Plug||NGK D8EA `79-81|
|Battery||YUASA 6N4-2A-4 `79-81|
|Transmission||Gear box: 5-speed
|Final Drive||Chain: 428 `79-81|
|Frame||Semi double cradle|
|Suspension||Front: 38mm Showa air assisted forks
Rear: Showa Pro-Link shocks
|Brakes||Front: 110mm Drum
Rear: 110mm Drum
|Weight||110 kg / 242.5 lbs (dry), 118.0 kg (wet)|
|Recommended Oil||Honda GN4 10W-40|
|Fuel Capacity||1.85 Gallon (7.00 Liters)|
The Honda XL185S was a single cylinder, four-stroke Trail motorcycle produced by Honda between 1979 and 1983. It could reach a top speed of 71 mph (115 km/h). Claimed horsepower was 15.69 HP (11.7 KW) @ 8000 RPM.
The engine was a air cooled single cylinder, four-stroke. A 63.0mm bore x 57.8mm stroke result in a displacement of just 180.0 cubic centimeters. Fuel was supplied via a overhead cams (ohc). Mechanically, its engine is similar to Honda ATC 185 ATV. This engine was used as a basis for the version supplied by Honda RSC to Colin Seeley for the hand-built Seeley TL200 trials bike.
The engine has a compression release, also called a decompressor valve, which is connected to the kick starter with a cable, to ease starting.
The bike has a 5-speed transmission.
It came with a 2.75-21 front tire and a 4.10-18 rear tire. Stopping was achieved via expanding brake in the front and a expanding brake in the rear. The XL185S was fitted with a 1.85 Gallon (7.00 Liters) fuel tank.
The XL185'79 was sold in 1979 in one color: Tahitian Red. The gas tank and side cover stripes were black, gray, and yellow. The bike had a one-piece rectangular instrument pod. The shock springs and kickstarter arm were chrome. The frame was black. The engine was a 180cc OHC single cylinder linked to a 5-speed. The serial number began XL185S-5001103.
The XL185'80 was sold in 1980 in one color: Helios Red. The gas tank and side cover stripes were white, yellow, and orange. The "HONDA" tank decal was red with a white outline. The bike had a round speedometer unit. The shock springs and kickstarter arm were black. The frame was black. The engine was a 180cc OHC single cylinder linked to a 5-speed. The serial number began MD02-5000003.
The XL185'81 was sold in 1981 in one color: Monza Red with Black. The gas tank was a two-tone: Red and Black. The "HONDA" tank decal was black. The "XL185S" side cover decal was red and white on a black panel. The shock springs and kickstarter arm were black. The bike had a round speedometer unit. The frame was black. The engine was a 180cc OHC single cylinder linked to a 5-speed. The serial number began JH2MD0203BK200002.
The XL185'82 was sold in 1982 in one color: Monza Red. The gas tank top stripe was black. The "185S" side cover decal was white and red on a black panel. The frame was red. The seat was black with a white "XL" logo on the side. The shock springs and kickstarter arm were black. The bike had a round speedometer unit. The engine was a 180cc OHC single cylinder linked to a 5-speed. The serial number began JH2MD020*CK300003.
The Honda XL185S'83 (XL185SL'83 in California) was sold in 1983. This was the last year for the XL185 series in the USA, but continued in Canada and elsewhere. One color was available: Monza Red. The "185" side cover decal was white. The side cover panels were black. The speedometer was round (unlike the rectangular model in 1979). The shock springs and kickstarter arm were black. The seat was black with a white "XL" logo. The frame was red. The engine was a single cylinder 180cc OHC with a 5-speed transmission. The California serial number began JH2MD0203DK400003 while the rest of the US models began JH2MD0204DK400003.
- The Honda XL185S'84 was sold in 1984.
- Engine: 180cc four-stroke OHC
- Ignition: CD
- Front suspension: Air-assisted fork
- Wheelbase: 1310mm (51.6 in.)
- Dry weight: 105.5 kg (232.5 lb)
- Seat height: 820mm (32.3 in.)
- Front wheel travel: 200mm (7.9 in.)
- Rear wheel travel: 165mm (6.5 in.)
- The serial number began JH2MD0204EK400003.
|Make Model||Honda XL 185S|
|Year||1979 - 80|
|Engine Type||Four stroke, single cylinder, OHC, 2 valve|
|Displacement||180 cc / 10.9 cu-in|
|Bore X Stroke||63.0 x 57.8 mm|
|Cooling System||Air cooled|
|Induction||Single 24mm Keihin carburetor|
|Max Power||16 hp / 11.7 kW @ 8000 rpm|
|Max Torque||13.6 Nm / 10.0 lb-ft @ 6500 rpm|
|Frame||Semi double cradle|
|Front Suspension||38mm Showa air assisted forks|
|Front Wheel Travel||200 mm / 7.8 om|
|Rear Suspension||Showa Pro-Link shocks|
|Rear Wheel Travel||165 mm /7.2 in|
|Front Brakes||110mm Drum|
|Rear Brakes||110mm Drum|
|Dry Weight||110 kg / 242.5 lbs|
|Fuel Capacity||7 Liters / 1.8 US gal|
|Consumption Average||20.3 km/lit|
|Standing Â¼ Mile||17.5 sec|
|Top Speed||138 km/h / 85.7 mph|
- 2019 Western Power Sports Catalog. Western Power Sports. 2019.
- Which Bike UK magazine, November 1980. On the Rough. Little Big Uns, Honda TL200. "The Honda is built in this country by Colin Seeley International, the engines being supplied by RSC in Japan and built specially for trials. At £1280 the Honda reflects its hand built origins..." Retrieved 2014-10-04
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