Yamaha XZ550 Vision

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Yamaha XZ550 Vision
Production 1982 - 83
Four stroke, 70°V-twin cylinder. DOHC, 4 valve per cylinder
Compression ratio 10.4:1
Top Speed 110 mph
Ignition Battery powered inductive
Spark Plug NGK D8EA `82-83[1]
Battery YUASA YB14L-A2 `82-83[1]
Transmission 5 Speed
Final Drive Shaft `82-83[1]
Suspension Front: Telescopic oil damped forks
Rear: Gas filled monoshock, 2-way adjustable.
Brakes Front: 2x 266mm discs
Rear: Single 177mm drum
Front Tire 100/90-18
Rear Tire 110/90-18
Weight 188 kg / 414.4 lbs (dry), 201 kg / 443.1 lbs (wet)
Recommended Oil Yamalube 10w-40
Fuel Capacity 17 Liters / 4.4 US gal
Manuals Service Manual

It could reach a top speed of 110 mph.


The engine was a Liquid cooled cooled Four stroke, 70°V-twin cylinder. DOHC, 4 valve per cylinder. The engine featured a 10.4:1 compression ratio.


It came with a 100/90-18 front tire and a 110/90-18 rear tire. Stopping was achieved via 2x 266mm discs in the front and a Single 177mm drum in the rear. The front suspension was a Telescopic oil damped forks while the rear was equipped with a Gas filled monoshock, 2-way adjustable.. The XZ550 Vision was fitted with a 17 Liters / 4.4 US gal fuel tank. The bike weighed just 188 kg / 414.4 lbs.


Yamaha XZ550 Vision Yamaha XZ550 Vision Yamaha XZ550 Vision Yamaha XZ550 Vision


Yamaha XZ 550 Vision

We've all had the chance to date someone years after we first met them. Would that person be like I remembered her to be? Would I still find her sexy and fun? These questions were in my brain as I picked up the 1982 Yamaha Vision. I was out of high school and into bikes when Yamaha offered this 550cc, liquid-cooled V-twin gem. Trouble was, I was broke. I shrugged off my desire as unobtainable. Fast-forward to the present. Initially, looks didn't disappoint. The transverse-mounted motor (think Harley-Davidson) keeps the cycle slender. Its broad, flat, metal tank is friendly to a variety of tank bags. Equally inviting is the wide bench seat, which easily permits my 32" inseam legs to find the ground at stops. While current bike styling is rounder and more organic, the boxier Vision has aged very well. The cockpit is kind of dated, with its chunky styling and 55 mph redlined speedo; a remnant of the "speed kills!" '70s. The tach redlines at 10K. A slow engine speed compared to today's zipper bikes, but plenty zesty enough to provide fun. A convenient choke/enrichener is mounted below the standard push-to-cancel turn signal switch. As a plus, the idiot lights are noticeable, even in direct sun. Coolant temp warrants its own gauge, and rubber-mounted blinkers on all corners are welcome for garage and parking lot blunders. The riding stance is pure Universal Japanese Motorcycle. This is definitely a bike you sit on, not in. Cast risers on the top triple-clamp bring the grips to your hands. Coupled with a low, foot-peg placement, you sit in a neutral, comfortable position. The passenger isn't forgotten either. That bench seat is good for an entire tank full, with low, forward-mounted footpegs on cast hangers which incorporate a neat boot guard, so you don't melt your soles on the pipes. This particular Vision came with an unusual factory-mounted full fairing. Unlike a lot of after-market jobs, this doesn't interfere with the controls or the handlebars at full lock. Convex rectangular mirrors are actually useful, until above eight thousand rpm, when the entire bike gets buzzy. While the windscreen provides an effective bubble at speed, the rest of the fairing generates an onslaught of clanks, rattles and buzzes. This may not be a problem around town, but could be annoying on extended runs.

So what is it like to ride? That friendly riding position coupled with the snorty motor and your typical period five-speed tranny make for a pleasant ride. The engine feels wheezy below four thousand rpm, but that may be simply a 17 year-old, low-mileage bike needing a carb cleaning. Things begin to stir at about six thousand, when the motor comes into its sweet spot of cam, valve train design and gas flow. It keeps pulling hard through the 10K redline, although at higher revs, an annoying lag would appear when the throttle is opened. This may be a function of hauling my 5' 10" 220 lbs frame around, or again, cruddy carbs. It is most fun if you keep it between six and nine thousand, to exploit that generous power band. If you've never owned a bike with the simplicity of shaft drive, check out a Vision. No chain oiling. No chain adjustment. No cleaning of flung chain-lube spooge from wheels. Drawbacks? There is a small power loss versus a chain set-up and a slight weight penalty, but this is no track bike, and most riders will never feel it. Until I go racing, I can live with it. At "Hello Officer!" speeds, the frame's limitations materialize. The skinny 90/90-18" front and 110/90-18" rear are easily overwhelmed. During rapid side-to-side transitions, the Vision shakes its head to remind you that you are aboard hard narrow tires. Unless you are very smooth with your throttle action, the shaft final drive pitches and bucks the tail. Ms. Vision definitely rewards the smooth operator.

Braking is handled by a single disc, with a single opposed-piston caliper in front and an easily locked drum in the rear. Not up to today's hardware, but more than adequate to stop the bike plus myself. This Vision wears one of two cast wheel options. In 1982, you could order this spoke pattern, a swooshy curved cast wheel or the traditional laced-spoke wheel. All-in-all, the Vision is one competent street mount. Its narrow profile, courtesy of that skinny V-twin, makes it an excellent city bike. Its smaller size is easier to manipulate, yet the 550cc motor creates enough usable power to safely brave our Interstate Highway combat zones. Historically, the Vision fits between Honda's CX500/650 and their much-loved NT650 Hawk. A generation more refined than the former, yet not quite as powerful and sporty as the latter. Mid-sized twins have never been too popular here in the US, although Suzuki's new SV650 is sold out. So how was the date? Yamaha's Vision turned out to be one charmer. It is an excellent street and city bike, with the potential for the occasional weekend road trip. The Vision is user-friendly enough to accommodate newer riders, but has enough steam in the boiler to please a rider who can safely scrape hardware. For less than $1,200.00, you could do a lot worse than this sport standard. I only wished I'd asked her out years ago... Source

Minnesota Motorcycle Monthly® & Sev Pearman

Make Model Yamaha XZ 550 Vision
Year 1982 - 83
Engine Type Four stroke, 70°V-twin cylinder. DOHC, 4 valve per cylinder
Displacement 552 cc / 33.7 lb-ft
Bore X Stroke 80 х 55 mm
Cooling System Liquid cooled
Compression 10.4:1
Induction 2x 36mm Mikuni carburetors
Ignition Battery powered inductive
Starting Electric
Max Power 64 hp / 46.7 kW @ 9500 rpm
Max Torque 4.8 kgf-m / 34.7 lb-ft @ 8500 rpm
Transmission 5 Speed
Final Drive Shaft
Front Suspension Telescopic oil damped forks
Rear Suspension Gas filled monoshock, 2-way adjustable.
Front Brakes 2x 266mm discs
Rear Brakes Single 177mm drum
Front Tire 100/90-18
Rear Tire 110/90-18
Dry Weight 188 kg / 414.4 lbs
Wet Weight 201 kg / 443.1 lbs
Fuel Capacity 17 Liters / 4.4 US gal
Consumption Average 55 mpg
Standing ¼ Mile 13.0 sec / 96 mph
Top Speed 110 mph

External Links[edit]


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 2019 Western Power Sports Catalog. Western Power Sports. 2019.