Suzuki GSX-R 1100M

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Suzuki GSX-R 1100M
Production 1991
Class Sportbike
Four stroke, transverse four cylinder, DOHC, 4 valves per cylinder
Compression ratio 10.0:1
Top Speed 269 km/h / 167 mph
Ignition Digital
Spark Plug NGK, JR9B
Transmission 5 Speed
Frame Ultra-lightweight frame built entirely of aluminum alloy castings: a collection of rectangular-section extrusions in a twin-downtube arrangement
Suspension Front: Kayaba fork, cartridge design that keeps the air and oil separated. 43mm tubes, 8 way adjustable rebound damping, 10-way adjustable compression damping and fully adjustable preload.
Rear: Full floater 7-way adjustable preload, 19-way damping and compression
Brakes Front: 2 x 310 mm Discs, four-piston caliper
Rear: Single 240 mm disc, 2 piston caliper
Front Tire 120/70 ZR17
Rear Tire 180/55 ZR17
Wheelbase 1465 mm / 57.7 in.
Seat Height 810 mm / 31.9 in.
Weight 210 kg / 463 lbs (dry), 240 kg / 529 lbs (wet)
Recommended Oil Suzuki ECSTAR 10w40
Fuel Capacity 21 Liters / 5.5 US gal / 4.6 Imp gal
Manuals Service Manual

It could reach a top speed of 269 km/h / 167 mph.


The engine was a Air/Oil cooled with two separate oil pumps cooled Four stroke, transverse four cylinder, DOHC, 4 valves per cylinder. The engine featured a 10.0:1 compression ratio.


Power was moderated via the Hydraulically operated, diaphragm-spring clutch.


It came with a 120/70 ZR17 front tire and a 180/55 ZR17 rear tire. Stopping was achieved via 2 x 310 mm Discs, four-piston caliper in the front and a Single 240 mm disc, 2 piston caliper in the rear. The front suspension was a Kayaba fork, cartridge design that keeps the air and oil separated. 43mm tubes, 8 way adjustable rebound damping, 10-way adjustable compression damping and fully adjustable preload. while the rear was equipped with a Full floater 7-way adjustable preload, 19-way damping and compression. The GSX-R 1100M was fitted with a 21 Liters / 5.5 US gal / 4.6 Imp gal fuel tank. The bike weighed just 210 kg / 463 lbs. The wheelbase was 1465 mm / 57.7 in. long.


Suzuki GSX-R 1100M Suzuki GSX-R 1100M Suzuki GSX-R 1100M Suzuki GSX-R 1100M


Suzuki GSX-R 1100M

The twin headlights were now enclosed and the steering geometry revised. Rims increased in size to accommodate 120/70ZR17 and 180/55ZR17 radials. Suspension was much more compliant with multiple levels of adjustability for both the front forks and rear shock absorber. The forked rockers were replaced with separate rockers and shim adjusters in the spring retainers. Carbs increased from the 36mm Mikunis to 40mm and the intake ports were revised. Peak power was unchanged. The gearbox used additional oil jets for 3rd, 4th and 5th gears for extra cooling.

GSX-R1100 vs FZR 1000

Color us fickle. Denigrate our long-term memories: Lecture us about steadfastness, devotion to purpose and commitment. Take us to task and beat us roundly; if a relationship with a sport bike were a marriage, our testers would all be divorced. The year started simply enough with the six-shooter showdown, a five-way dash-off between the latest 600s, with the CBR winning the game, set and match with balance, power and flash. We loved those 600s: light, nimble, rev-happy and relatively inexpensive. What more could you want? Next up was a two-way battle between the GSXR750 and ZX-7, so heated we instantly forgot the 600 class and joined ranks with the thousands of American sport riders currently piloting three-quarter-liter sport bikes. After all, the GSXR sprinted in the 10s at the dragstrip, and both bikes handled well enough to warrant number plates and slicks. "Yep," we all said, "these 750s are it. What more could you want?" Well, if what you want is more, the 1991 Excess Express just pulled into town and now we're mumbling, "What 750s?" We've again changed horses in the middle of the stream, and we've slid onto a couple of thoroughbreds. We cut the two most serious open-classers from the herd, lassoing Suzuki's GSXR1100 and Yamaha's FZR1000 for this month and saving the more sport-touring-oriented ponies for our next issue. As we did with the 600s and 750s, we visited the racetrack, dragstrip, top-speed location and public streets with these two and came away starry-eyed for the third month in a row.

FICKLE WITH GOOD REASON But don't be too harsh on us. Consider this before passing judgment: The Streets of Willow packs nine turns into about 1 mile, with only one 400-yard straight to stretch a bike's legs. If you aren't pointing the bike out of a tight corner, you're standing it on its nose to get into a corner. This course offers more turns than a Robert Ludlum novel, and because it's so tight and technically demanding, the fastest bikes are the ones able to get into and out of corners in minimum time. Grab the brakes, nail a downshift and flick the bike to a late apex, dial in enough throttle to arrest the lean but not enough to slide the rear tire, then do it eight more times before the lap is over. The best our light, lithe FZR600 could manage was an ultraquick 1:03.21-minute lap time on a pair of race-compound Pirelli radials. Imagine our surprise when the GSXR1100 stopped the watch with a 1:02.90 run, followed with an impressive 1:03.10 lap by the FZR1000. Aren't these liter bikes supposed to be cumbersome, hard to handle, overweight, overpowered? To put these times in perspective, consider that we've only gone faster on the Moriwaki Zero RC30 and a Yamaha TZ250, neither of which is street-legal. What these two accomplished at the Streets of Willow flew in the face of common knowledge: big bikes are fast, little bikes maneuverable. Motorcycle manufacturers work hard to blur the line between big and little, attempting to blend big horsepower with a nimble chassis while keeping mass and dimensions low and tight. Yamaha's FZR1000 is 14 pounds lighter than Suzuki's GSXR1100, and Yamaha has done a better job of incorporating the smaller profile of a 750 in an open-classer. Few will mistake the GSXR for anything but an 1100, unless they just stepped off a mid-'80s superbike such as a VFR1000 or GS1150ES; compared to the Yamaha, the Suzuki has a higher seat and bars, with a wider, taller fuel tank between the knees; Suzuki hasn't masked the bigness of a liter sport bike as well as Yamaha. The Yamaha feels like a traditional racer, with clip-ons mounted beneath the upper triple clamp to stretch the rider out over the large fuel tank, a real steel tank as opposed to the plastic tank cover on the FZR600. The foot-peg placement provides an extra inch of distance between the seat and pegs compared to the GSXR's layout, though the passenger pegs offer minimal legroom to anyone perched out back. The front seat's width makes up for its lack of padding, offering a relatively comfortable perch and affording a low 30.5-inch seat height. On the other end of the ergonomic spectrum sits the Suzuki, with a short reach to the relatively high-placed clip-ons (mounted above the upper triple clamp), slightly less room between seat and pegs and a wider, comfier seat, 32.1 inches off the pavement; passengers get more legroom, plus a grab rail the Yamaha lacks. Suzuki's devotion to function so evident in the GSXR750 isn't as apparent here. Instead, an almost sport-touring riding position greets the pilot. The stubby screen and full fairing deflect most of the wind attacking the rider, leaving a clear stream of air contacting his chest and helmet; the Yamaha does a bit better here because of its lower bar placement and fuller bubble, deflecting air over the rider's chest, leaving only the helmet in the breeze. Both bikes offer adequate if not luxurious comfort during a day-long ride. Both Yamaha and Suzuki enter 1991 with resculpted bodywork, the Yamaha featuring a single headlight where last year there were two; we're happy to report the single headlight illuminates well, and Yamaha deserves credit for including running lights in the front turn signals, a feature that helps drivers identify motorcycles at night. The Suzuki lacks this feature but adds a small running/parking light above the twin headlights hidden behind a pane of real glass. Aside from the racier front ends, both bikes have restyled body panels, most notably the Yamaha which displays part of the frame on each flank and comes from the factory with a subtle blue, gray and white paint job; the Suzuki is available in boy-racer blue and white or red and black. Amateur aerodynamicists love the sleeker fairings on this year's bikes, so we plugged in our radar gun to see what the results would be in simple numbers. Both bikes surpassed last year's best efforts, the Yamaha stretching to 166 mph in the desert morning, the Suzuki a tick behind at 163 mph. The FZR's tall, arcing bubble 5 provides a wonderful spot from which to watch the pavement rush by, considerably less turbulent than the GSXR's comparatively blunt windscreen. Neither screen is optically correct, blurring badly near the upper lip; racers will certainly change screens. Other than the distortion, both bikes work perfectly at the upper limit: stable, secure and at home.


Getting the 547 pounds of the GSXR and the 533 of the FZR stopped and turned takes plenty of bar effort; counter steering forces applied with plenty of muscle will get either bike turning quickly, though the Yamaha takes more muscle for the same rate of turn-in. A few factors contribute to this, including the 57.9-inch wheelbase, .2 inch longer than the Suzuki (and .8 inch longer than last year's FZR), and relatively slow trail and rake numbers of 4.3 inches with 26.7 degrees (last year's figures were 4.2 inches, 26.0 degrees), compared to the Suzuki's 3.6 inches of trail and 25.9 degrees of rake. Both bikes wear big 17-inch hoops, the rears measuring 5.5 inches across, the fronts 3.5 inches; getting big, wide tires to turn up on their edges usually takes more muscle at the bar, and these two bikes are no exception. The Yamaha's conservative rake and trail figures, combined with the longish wheelbase, add an unflappable stability the Suzuki can't quite match in the fast stuff. More on that later. The Suzuki turns quicker with less effort and requires continued counter-steering to increase the lean angle. The Yamaha displays a frightening tendency to fall in suddenly approaching extreme lean angles, so suddenly that you'd swear the front end was letting go. This action takes your breath away the first few times, but our testers adapted soon enough by getting on the throttle early in the corner; previous FZRI000s were substantially more neutral, so look to the new steering-head numbers as the reason for this tendency. It's most noticeable in slower corners when the bike has less gyroscopic effect from the wheels and tires and the bike reaches full lean quicker, yet it could be felt in the fast stuff too. As much as we like the Pirelli radials, we would try a tire change in an effort to cure this fall-in tendency. Additionally, the FZR's 130/60 Pirelli radial felt quite harsh when asked to track over bumps at full lean; we suspect the 60-series sidewall doesn't provide the resiliency to bumps a 70-series tire would. Something to think about if you shop for tires. Apart from the Yamaha's full-lean anomaly, both parts of the Excess Express perform as one might expect. The weight and speed place enormous demands on the brake systems of both bikes, but even during racetrack testing the Yamaha's 320mm rotors and Sumitomo four-pot calipers consistently outperformed the Suzuki's 310mm rotors and Nissin four-piston calipers. Both bikes could be stopped with excellent power, but the Suzuki's front system faded, the lever coming back closer to the bar than we would like. We could always stop the Suzuki, but the inconsistency of the lever travel had to be taken into account; Yamaha's front brake exhibited all the power of the Suzuki's, but a stronger squeeze was needed to get equal results, though the lever travel remained consistent from one stop to the next. The bikes' astonishing performances on the small track point out how manageable the factories have made them, controlling the horsepower with excellent chassis rigidity and enough brakes to put the bite on these 160-mph behemoths. The Suzuki offers full adjustability on both ends of the suspension, pointing out the comparative crudeness of the Yamaha's fork that only adjusts for preload and rear shock that adjusts for preload and rebound damping. We used the adjustments on both these heavy bikes during the track testing in an effort to control wheel movement, and our efforts were better rewarded on the Suzuki due to the wide variety of adjustments. Fortunately, the Yamaha comes with acceptable damping rates from the factory. We ran the Suzuki near the light side on the fork compression throughout the test and even found the lightest setting a bit too harsh around town; we ran the fork preload and rebound damping smack in the middle of the adjustments. In the rear, we backed a lot of the preload out of the spring in an attempt to get the bike to track a bit better, with full rebound damping and medium compression damping. Dial the aggression meter to redline, and the Suzuki will touch down the fairing lightly, especially on the right side; by the time it drags, you're leaned over so far your mother would do better not knowing about it. The Yamaha will touch down the peg feelers quite easily, and after they're removed, the leading edge of the muffler touches on the right side. We ran the Yamaha near the maximum rear preload and rebound damping and only medium fork preload. Adding preload to the fork overwhelms the Kayaba's rebound damping, so we chose to run the fork a bit softer than optimum; for $8799 riders should get a fully adjustable fork. FAST AND FURIOUS Maximum speed on the Streets of Willow is just over 120 mph; maximum speed on Willow Springs' main track is well over 140 mph, and that's where the Yamaha shines. The higher corner speeds reduced the fall-in at full lean, and Yamaha's Deltabox frame and swingarm combined with the inverted Kayaba fork made for smooth, secure sailing at any spot on the track. The Suzuki never felt as planted, especially in fast turn seven where the rider leans the bike slightly to the left to prepare for sweeping turn eight. We tried a variety of suspension settings on the GSXR, but it never matched the FZR's stability and dedication to line. Either bike offers a choice of two gears per corner exit, the taller choice leaning heavily on the midrange grunt of the monster mills, the shorter choice taking advantage of the nitrouslike boost near redline. The GSXR loved to reach down low and muscle out of a turn at 5500 rpm, while the Yamaha couldn't quite match the Suzuki's mid-range but gave away nothing on top. (A visit to Los Angeles County Raceway gave us an indication of the Suzuki's midrange when it pulled to 86.4 mph in a 200-yard, top-gear roll-on, burying the Yamaha's 84.3-mph effort.) That midrange strength undoubtedly helped the Suzuki win at the Streets of Willow but wasn't quite enough to overcome the Yamaha's tremendous rigidity, great brakes and top-end kick needed on the larger track. When the stopwatches were put away, the Yamaha was credited with a 1:34.13 lap, the Suzuki with a 1:34.83 effort. We left Willow Springs certain of one fact This Excess Express is one fast train. EQUALLY IMPRESSIVE The bikes ran so evenly that only a stopwatch or the dragstrip's eye could note a difference; our street testing put the two in a dead heat, though the Suzuki was noticeably stronger in the middle of the rev range. At the dragstrip, both bikes blistered the track, the Yamaha outsprinting the Suzuki, but only barely. The FZR left the line well despite an abrupt clutch engagement and bombed to a 10.54-second, 131.0-mph blast, a tick quicker than the Suzuki's best effort, a 10.58 at 130.2 mph. It doesn't get much more even than that. During the passes we made at LACR, neither bike ran slower than a 10-second quarter-mile and seemed content to do so all day. As owners have discovered over the years, the GSXR and FZR lines are known for their outstanding longevity as well as power. We've put 10,000 miles on both the FZR1000 (see "Extended Play," May '90 issue) and GSXR1100 (look for an "Extended Play" article soon) with excellent results. Both bikes take hard running in stride. It was obvious we wouldn't pick a winner at the racetrack; neither bike disgraced itself, both turned respectable lap times considering the stock tires, mirrors, turn signals and a rider running without competition. The track helped illustrate how close Yamaha's liquid-cooled, five-valve-per-cylinder FZR and Suzuki's oil-cooled four-valver were to each other. Two bikes with completely different feels and styles, yet each one able to shine in the right element. The Suzuki loved to flick and wing it, at home on the tight, technically demanding Streets, while the Yamaha took to the fast track (the slowest corner is 65 mph) like a swallow to a certain town in California. We offer the following advice to racers looking for a big bike (not a bad idea since both Yamaha and Suzuki are offering contingency money in several clubs across the nation): We lean toward the Yamaha for a production racer, though the Suzuki (due to the fully adjustable fork, easily hot-rodded engine and strong aftermarket backing) would be a better choice for building an Open Superbike or Formula One machine.


Subtle differences between the two emerged as the miles stacked up. Both Suzuki and Yamaha provide the basics to hammer around a track or down a dragstrip, but day-to-day life points to the Yamaha as the winner of this high-strung comparison. The five-valve plant runs smoother and quieter, and while it lacks the midrange punch of the GSXR, it's still plenty strong for us mortals. The FZR's fairing-mounted choke lever isn't as handy as the Suzuki's bar-mounted lever, but the electric fuel-petcock switch, also fairing mounted, is easier to reach than the Suzuki's under-tank unit. The Yamaha buzzes the bars less than the Suzuki (and we prefer the thinner Yamaha grips), and we appreciate the extra legroom despite a seat that isn't quite the Suzuki's equal. Yamaha needs to update the FZR mirrors, however; the GSXR provides a better view rearward and a smaller blind spot. Neither bike offers a centerstand or horn worth a beep, but keep in mind that the Yamaha's $1500 higher price tag carries a year of full-coverage insurance. The FZR habitually returned better fuel mileage than the GSXR, but only by two or three miles per gallon. The Suzuki's diaphragm-spring clutch, while strong and willing to accept abuse, feels nonlinear at the lever; the pull is relatively heavy and the engagement point difficult to judge. Combined with the Suzuki's inconsistent front brake, neither hand is too sure of what it's doing all the time. Veteran riders will find themselves concentrating on the clutch engagement point just as though it were their first ride. The Yamaha feels better at the bars, thanks in part to the newly contoured switches but mainly to the consistent control action. While it's true the Yamaha's bars are lower, the seat is lower as well, which reduces the pressure on the rider's hands and wrists to a level close to that of the more-upright Suzuki. In the end, it's refinement that sets the Yamaha ahead, and refinement isn't measurable in any finite terms we know of. Given the choice, the majority of our testers side with the Yamaha, though not without plenty of feet shuffling, qualification and second thoughts. It comes down to a pair of motorcycles tied together during performance testing so closely that the dragstrip session was decided by .04 second and even the street testing left us without a solid resolution. After stacking over 4000 miles on the GSXR and FZR we did reach one solid, inescapable conclusion: liter-bike fans will love the 1991 Excess Exp

Source Motorcyclist 1991

Make Model Suzuki GSX-R 1100
Year 1991
Engine Type Four stroke, transverse four cylinder, DOHC, 4 valves per cylinder
Displacement 1127 cc / 68.8 cub. in.
Bore X Stroke 78 x 59 mm
Compression 10.0:1
Cooling System Air/Oil cooled with two separate oil pumps
Engine Oil 10W/40
Exhaust System Stainless steel, 4-into-2-into-1-into-2
Lubrication Wet sump
Induction 4 x 40 mm Mikuni Flatslide CV carburetors
Ignition Digital
Spark Plug NGK, JR9B
Starting Electric
Max Power 105 kW / 143 hp @ 9500 rpm
Max Power Rear Wheel 96 kW / 130 hp @ 9600 rpm
Max Torque 117 Nm / 11.9 kgf-m / 86 ft-lb @ 8000 rpm
Clutch Hydraulically operated, diaphragm-spring clutch
Transmission 5 Speed
Final Drive Chain, 114 links
Gear Ratios 1st 2.38 / 2nd 1.63 / 3rd 1.25 / 4th 1.05 / 5th 0.91:1
Frame Ultra-lightweight frame built entirely of aluminum alloy castings: a collection of rectangular-section extrusions in a twin-downtube arrangement
Front Suspension Kayaba fork, cartridge design that keeps the air and oil separated. 43mm tubes, 8 way adjustable rebound damping, 10-way adjustable compression damping and fully adjustable preload.
Rear Suspension Full floater 7-way adjustable preload, 19-way damping and compression
Front Brakes 2 x 310 mm Discs, four-piston caliper
Rear Brakes Single 240 mm disc, 2 piston caliper
Wheels Alloy aluminum, 3 spoke Enkei rims
Front Tire 120/70 ZR17
Rear Tire 180/55 ZR17
Rake 24.5°
Trail 99 mm / 3.9 in.
Dimensions Length 2090 mm / 82.3 in. Width 754 mm / 29.7 in. Height 1235 mm / 48.6 in.
Wheelbase 1465 mm / 57.7 in.
Seat Height 810 mm / 31.9 in.
Dry Weight 210 kg / 463 lbs
Wet Weight 240 kg / 529 lbs
Fuel Capacity 21 Liters / 5.5 US gal / 4.6 Imp gal
Average Consumption 6.5 L/100 km / 15.3 km/l / 36 US mpg / 43 Imp mpg
Braking 60 Km/h / 37 Mph - 0 13.3 m / 43.6 ft.
Braking 100 Km/h / 62 Mph - 0 35 m / 114.8 ft.
Standing ¼ Mile 10.2 sec / 215 km/h / 133.6 mph
Top Speed 269 km/h / 167 mph
Colours Blue/White, Black
Road Test IN MOTO 1992 Group Test