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Standard motorcycle

From CycleChaos
The Ducati Monster 696 naked bike

Standards are versatile, general purpose street motorcycles.[1] They are recognized primarily by their upright riding position, partway between the reclining posture of the cruisers and the forward leaning sport bikes.[2] Foot pegs are below the rider and handlebars are high enough to not force the rider to reach far forward, placing the shoulders above the hips in a natural position.[3] Standards are often recommended to beginning motorcyclists due to their flexibility, relatively low cost, and moderate engines.[1]

Standards usually do not come with fairings or windscreens, or if they have them, they are relatively small.[1] Standard is often a synonym for naked bike, a term that became popular in the 1990s in response to the proliferation of fully-faired sport bikes. The standard seemed to have disappeared, fueling nostalgia for the return of the UJM, or Universal Japanese motorcycle.[1] UJMs were admired for their simplicity, quality and versatility.[4][2][5]

Muscle bike is a nickname for a type, derived from either a standard or sport bike design, that puts a disproportionately high priority on engine power.[6][7][1]


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 Maher, Kevin (1998). Chilton's Motorcycle Handbook. Haynes North America. pp. 2.2-2.18. ISBN 0801990998. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 Domino, Kevin (2009), The Perfect Motorcycle: How to Choose, Find and Buy the Perfect New Or Used Bike, USA: 671 Press, pp. 47, ISBN 0982173334, 
  3. Kresnak, Bill (2008), Motorcycling for Dummies, Hoboken, New Jersey: For Dummies, Wiley Publishing, p. 63–64, 66–70, 132–141, ISBN 0470245875, 
  4. Holmstrom, Darwin (2001), The Complete Idiot's Guide to Motorcycles (2nd ed.), Alpha Books, pp. 20–21, 33–41, 334–358, 407, ISBN 0028642589, 
  5. Bennett, Jim (1995), The Complete Motorcycle Book: A Consumer's Guide, Facts on File, pp. 15–16, 19–25, ISBN 0816028990, 
  6. Stermer, Bill (December 2002), "The Next Wave; The future of motorcycling is on display at Germany's Itermot Show", American Motorcyclist (American Motorcyclist Association): 32–35, 55,, retrieved 2010-06-04 
  7. "Monster Ducati", American Motorcyclist (American Motorcyclist Association): 29, February 1993,, retrieved 2010-06-04