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Standard motorcycle


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The Ducati Monster 696 naked bike

Standards are versatile, general purpose street motorcycles.[1] They are recognized primarily by their upright riding position, partway between the reclining posture of the cruisers and the forward leaning sport bikes.[2] Foot pegs are below the rider and handlebars are high enough to not force the rider to reach far forward, placing the shoulders above the hips in a natural position.[3] Standards are often recommended to beginning motorcyclists due to their flexibility, relatively low cost, and moderate engines.[1]

Standards usually do not come with fairings or windscreens, or if they have them, they are relatively small.[1] Standard is often a synonym for naked bike, a term that became popular in the 1990s in response to the proliferation of fully-faired sport bikes. The standard seemed to have disappeared, fueling nostalgia for the return of the UJM, or Universal Japanese motorcycle.[1] UJMs were admired for their simplicity, quality and versatility.[4][2][5]

Muscle bike is a nickname for a type, derived from either a standard or sport bike design, that puts a disproportionately high priority on engine power.[6][7][1]

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 Maher, Kevin (1998). Chilton's Motorcycle Handbook. Haynes North America. pp. 2.2-2.18. ISBN 0801990998. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 Domino, Kevin (2009), The Perfect Motorcycle: How to Choose, Find and Buy the Perfect New Or Used Bike, USA: 671 Press, pp. 47, ISBN 0982173334, http://books.google.com/books?id=dqralyWDVUkC 
  3. Kresnak, Bill (2008), Motorcycling for Dummies, Hoboken, New Jersey: For Dummies, Wiley Publishing, p. 63–64, 66–70, 132–141, ISBN 0470245875, http://books.google.com/books?id=ZPgrJByqp4wC 
  4. Holmstrom, Darwin (2001), The Complete Idiot's Guide to Motorcycles (2nd ed.), Alpha Books, pp. 20–21, 33–41, 334–358, 407, ISBN 0028642589, http://books.google.com/books?id=p9EyBoTaKy0C 
  5. Bennett, Jim (1995), The Complete Motorcycle Book: A Consumer's Guide, Facts on File, pp. 15–16, 19–25, ISBN 0816028990, http://www.amazon.com/Complete-Motorcycle-Book-Consumers-Guide/dp/0816031819 
  6. Stermer, Bill (December 2002), "The Next Wave; The future of motorcycling is on display at Germany's Itermot Show", American Motorcyclist (American Motorcyclist Association): 32–35, 55, http://books.google.com/books?id=8foDAAAAMBAJ&pg=PA34, retrieved 2010-06-04 
  7. "Monster Ducati", American Motorcyclist (American Motorcyclist Association): 29, February 1993, http://books.google.com/books?id=NfcDAAAAMBAJ&pg=PA26, retrieved 2010-06-04 
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