JA Prestwich Industries Ltd

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1949 JAP Speedway 500

JAP are the initials of Mr. J.A. Prestwich who was responsible for the design and manufacture of engines used in a great many famous motorcycle brands and had numerous racing successes. JAP engines were still used in speedway bikes well into the 1960's. Complete motorcycles were built from 1904 to 1908, and subsequently the factory concentrated on supplying its proprietory engines to other manufacturers. After 1945, production was taken over by the Villiers Motorcycles factory.

The extensive list of manufacturers which used JAP engines includes Acme, AJW, Alldays & Onions, Argentre, Ariel, Atala, Austral, Automoto, Bown, Bücker, Brough-Superior, Brown, Calthorpe, Corah, Cotton, Coventry-Eagle, De-De, DMW, Dollar, Dunelt, Eysink, Favor, Fusi, Ganna, Grindlay-Peerless, Hagon, Imperia, Invicta, La Mondiale, Le Grimpeur, Lea-Francis, Majestic, Matchless, Meray, MGC, Morgan, New Imperial, New Map, Nut, OEC, OK-Supreme, Onoto, Osa-Liberty, Radior, Rex-Acme, Rover, Rovin, Royal Enfield, San Sou Pap, Soyer, Sparkbrook, Stylson, Terrot, Tornax, Trump, Ultima, UT, Verlor, Vindec, Wolf, York and Zenith.

JAP engines were also used in a wide range of industrial and other non-motorcycling applications including railcars and early Reliant 3-wheelers.